Abadie, Alberto, Susan Athey, Guido W. Imbens, and Jeffrey Wooldridge. 2017. “When Should You Adjust Standard Errors for Clustering?” NBER Working Paper 24003.
Abell, Peter, and Ofer Engel. 2021. “Subjective Causality and Counterfactuals in the Social Sciences: Toward an Ethnographic Causality?” Sociological Methods & Research 50 (4): 1842–62.
Aguilar, Rosario, Saul Cunow, and Scott Desposato. 2015. “Choice Sets, Gender, and Candidate Choice in Brazil.” Electoral Studies 39: 230–42.
Alrababa’h, Ala’, Scott Williamson, Andrea Dillon, Jens Hainmueller, Dominik Hangartner, Michael Hotard, David Laitin, Duncan Lawrence, and Jeremy Weinstein. 2022. “Learning from Null Effects: A Bottom-up Approach.” Political Analysis.
Alvarez, R. Michael, Ellen M. Key, and Lucas Núñez. 2018. Research Replication: Practical Considerations.” PS: Political Science & Politics 51 (2): 422–26.
Angrist, Joshua D., and Jörn-Steffen Pischke. 2008. Mostly Harmless Econometrics: An Empiricist’s Companion. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Aronow, Peter M., Jonathon Baron, and Lauren Pinson. 2019. “A Note on Dropping Experimental Subjects Who Fail a Manipulation Check.” Political Analysis 27 (4): 572–89.
Aronow, Peter M., Donald P. Green, and Donald K. K. Lee. 2014. Sharp Bounds On The Variance In Randomized Experiments.” The Annals of Statistics 42 (3): 850–71.
Aronow, Peter M., and Benjamin T. Miller. 2019. Foundations of Agnostic Statistics. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Aronow, Peter M., and Cyrus Samii. 2017. “Estimating Average Causal Effects Under General Interference, with Application to a Social Network Experiment.” The Annals of Applied Statistics 11 (4): 1912–47.
Avdeenko, Alexandra, and Michael J. Gilligan. 2015. “International Interventions to Build Social Capital: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Sudan.” American Political Science Review 109 (3): 427–49.
Bai, Yuehao. 2021. “Why Randomize? Minimax Optimality Under Permutation Invariance.” Journal of Econometrics.
Baird, Sarah, J. Aislinn Bohren, Craig McIntosh, and Berk Ozler. 2018. Optimal Design of Experiments in the Presence of Interference.” Review of Economics & Statistics 5 (100): 844–60.
Balcells, Laia, Valeria Palanza, and Elsa Voytas. 2022. “Do Transitional Justice Museums Persuade Visitors? Evidence from a Field Experiment.” The Journal of Politics 84 (1).
Banerjee, Abhijit, Esther Duflo, Amy Finkelstein, Lawrence F Katz, Benjamin A Olken, and Anja Sautmann. 2020. “In Praise of Moderation: Suggestions for the Scope and Use of Pre-Analysis Plans for RCTs in Economics.” Working Paper 26993. Working Paper Series. National Bureau of Economic Research.
Bansak, Kirk, Jens Hainmueller, Daniel J. Hopkins, and Teppei Yamamoto. 2021. “Beyond the Breaking Point? Survey Satisficing in Conjoint Experiments.” Political Science Research and Methods 9 (1): 53–71.
Baron, Hannah, and Lauren E. Young. 2021. “From Principles to Practice: Methods to Increase the Transparency of Research Ethics in Violent Contexts.” Political Science Research and Methods, 1–8.
Bateson, Regina. 2012. “Crime Victimization and Political Participation.” American Political Science Review 106 (3): 570–87.
Bauer, Paul C., and Bernhard Clemm von Hohenberg. 2021. “Believing and Sharing Information by Fake Sources: An Experiment.” Political Communication 38 (6): 647–71.
Benjamin, Daniel J., James O. Berger, Magnus Johannesson, Brian A. Nosek, E. -J. Wagenmakers, Richard Berk, Kenneth A. Bollen, et al. 2018. “Redefine Statistical Significance.” Nature Human Behaviour 2 (1): 6–10.
Bennett, Andrew. 2015. “Appendix.” In Process Tracing: From Metaphor to Analytic Tool, edited by Andrew Bennett and Jeffrey Checkel. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Bennett, Andrew, and Jeffrey Checkel. 2015. “Process Tracing: From Philosophical Roots to Best Practices.” In Process Tracing: From Metaphor to Analytic Tool, edited by Andrew Bennett and Jeffrey Checkel, 3–37. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Birkelund, Gunn Elisabeth, Bram Lancee, Edvard Nergård Larsen, Javier G Polavieja, Jonas Radl, and Ruta Yemane. 2022. “Gender Discrimination in Hiring: Evidence from a Cross-National Harmonized Field Experiment.” European Sociological Review 38 (3): 337–54.
Bisbee, James. 2019. “BARP: Improving Mister p Using Bayesian Additive Regression Trees.” American Political Science Review 113 (4): 1060–65.
Blair, Graeme, Darin Christensen, and Aaron Rudkin. 2021. “Do Commodity Price Shocks Cause Armed Conflict? A Meta-Analysis of Natural Experiments.” American Political Science Review 115 (2): 709–16.
Blair, Graeme, Jasper Cooper, Alexander Coppock, and Macartan Humphreys. 2019. “Declaring and Diagnosing Research Designs.” American Political Science Review 113 (3): 838–59.
Blair, Graeme, Alexander Coppock, and Margaret Moor. 2020. “When to Worry about Sensitivity Bias: A Social Reference Theory and Evidence from 30 Years of List Experiments.” American Political Science Review 114 (4): 1297–1315.
Blair, Robert A., Manuel Moscoso-Rojas, Andres Vargas Castillo, and Michael Weintraub. 2022. “Preventing Rebel Resurgence After Civil War: A Field Experiment in Security and Justice Provision in Rural Colombia.” American Political Science Review, 1–20.
Bonilla, Tabitha, and Alvin B. Tillery. 2020. “Which Identity Frames Boost Support for and Mobilization in the #BlackLivesMatter Movement? An Experimental Test.” American Political Science Review 114 (4): 947–62.
Borenstein, Michael, Larry V Hedges, Julian PT Higgins, and Hannah R Rothstein. 2021. Introduction to Meta-Analysis. John Wiley & Sons.
Bowers, Jake. 2011. “Six Steps to a Better Relationship with Your Future Self.” The Political Methodologist 18 (2): 2–8.
Bradley, Valerie C., Shiro Kuriwaki, Michael Isakov, Dino Sejdinovic, Xiao-Li Meng, and Seth Flaxman. 2021. “Unrepresentative Big Surveys Significantly Overestimated US Vaccine Uptake.” Nature 600 (7890): 695–700.
Brady, Henry E. 2004. “Data-Set Observations Versus Causal-Process Observations: The 2000 US Presidential Election.” In Rethinking Social Inquiry: Diverse Tools, Shared Standards, 267–72. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.
Broockman, David E., Joshua L. Kalla, and Jasjeet S. Sekhon. 2017. “The Design of Field Experiments with Survey Outcomes: A Framework for Selecting More Efficient, Robust, and Ethical Designs.” Political Analysis 25 (4): 435–64.
Broockman, David, and Joshua Kalla. 2016. “Durably Reducing Transphobia: A Field Experiment on Door-to-Door Canvassing.” Science 352 (6282): 220–24.
Butler, Daniel M., and Charles Crabtree. 2017. “Moving Beyond Measurement: Adapting Audit Studies to Test Bias-Reducing Interventions.” Journal of Experimental Political Science 4 (1): 57–67.
Calonico, Sebastian, Matias D Cattaneo, and Rocio Titiunik. 2014. “Robust Nonparametric Confidence Intervals for Regression-Discontinuity Designs.” Econometrica 82 (6): 2295–2326.
Carnegie, Allison, and Cyrus Samii. 2019. “International Institutions and Political Liberalization: Evidence from the World Bank Loans Program.” British Journal of Political Science 49 (4): 1357–79.
Carreri, Maria, and Oeindrila Dube. 2017. “Do Natural Resources Influence Who Comes to Power, and How?” The Journal of Politics 79 (2): 502–18.
Casey, Katherine, Rachel Glennerster, and Edward Miguel. 2012. “Reshaping Institutions: Evidence on Aid Impacts Using a Pre-Analysis Plan.” The Quarterly Journal of Economics 127 (4): 1755–1812.
Chaisemartin, Clément de, and Xavier d’Haultfoeuille. 2020. “Two-Way Fixed Effects Estimators with Heterogeneous Treatment Effects.” American Economic Review 110 (9): 2964–96.
Cheema, Ali, Sarah Khan, Asad Liaqat, and Shandana Khan Mohmand. 2022. “Canvassing the Gatekeepers: A Field Experiment to Increase Women Voters’ Turnout in Pakistan.” American Political Science Review, 1–21.
Chopra, Felix, Ingar Haaland, Christopher Roth, and Andreas Stegmann. 2022. “The Null Result Penalty.” Unpublished Manuscript.
Clingingsmith, David, Asim Ijaz Khwaja, and Michael Kremer. 2009. “Estimating the Impact of the Hajj: Religion and Tolerance in Islam’s Global Gathering.” The Quarterly Journal of Economics 124 (3): 1133–70.
Collier, David, David A Freedman, James D Fearon, David D Laitin, John Gerring, and Gary Goertz. 2008. “Symposium: Case Selection, Case Studies, and Causal Inference.” Qualitative & Multimethod Research 6 (2): 2–16.
Collins, Jonathan E. 2021. “Does the Meeting Style Matter? The Effects of Exposure to Participatory and Deliberative School Board Meetings.” American Political Science Review 115 (3): 790–804.
Coppock, Alexander. 2017. “Did Shy Trump Supporters Bias the 2016 Polls? Evidence from a Nationally-Representative List Experiment.” Statistics, Politics and Policy 8 (1): 29–40.
———. 2019. Avoiding Post-Treatment Bias in Audit Experiments.” Journal of Experimental Political Science 6 (1): 1–4.
Coppock, Alexander, Alan S. Gerber, Donald P. Green, and Holger L. Kern. 2017. “Combining Double Sampling and Bounds to Address Nonignorable Missing Outcomes in Randomized Experiments.” Political Analysis 25 (2): 188–206.
Coppock, Alexander, and Dipin Kaur. 2022. Qualitative Imputation of Missing Potential Outcomes.” American Journal of Political Science.
Creighton, Mathew J., and Amaney Jamal. 2015. “Does Islam Play a Role in Anti-Immigrant Sentiment? An Experimental Approach.” Social Science Research 53: 89–103.
Cruz, Cesi. 2019. “Social Networks and the Targeting of Vote Buying.” Comparative Political Studies 52 (3): 382–411.
Dawid, Philip, Macartan Humphreys, and Monica Musio. 2022. “Bounding Causes of Effects with Mediators.” Sociological Methods & Research.
Deaton, Angus S. 2010. “Instruments, Randomization, and Learning about Development.” Journal of Economic Literature 48 (2): 424–55.
Dunning, Thad. 2012. Natural Experiments in the Social Sciences: A Design-Based Approach. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Dunning, Thad, Guy Grossman, Macartan Humphreys, Susan D. Hyde, Craig McIntosh, Gareth Nellis, Claire L. Adida, et al. 2019. “Voter Information Campaigns and Political Accountability: Cumulative Findings from a Preregistered Meta-Analysis of Coordinated Trials.” Science Advances 5 (7): 1–10.
Egami, Naoki, and Erin Hartman. 2022. “Elements of External Validity: Framework, Design, and Analysis.” American Political Science Review.
Egger, Dennis, Johannes Haushofer, Edward Miguel, Paul Niehaus, and Michael W Walker. 2019. “General Equilibrium Effects of Cash Transfers: Experimental Evidence from Kenya.” Working Paper 26600. National Bureau of Economic Research.
Fairfield, Tasha, and Andrew E Charman. 2017. “Explicit Bayesian Analysis for Process Tracing: Guidelines, Opportunities, and Caveats.” Political Analysis 25 (3): 363–80.
Fang, Albert H, Andrew M Guess, and Macartan Humphreys. 2019. “Can the Government Deter Discrimination? Evidence from a Randomized Intervention in New York City.” The Journal of Politics 81 (1): 127–41.
Fearon, James, and David Laitin. 2008. “Integrating Qualitative and Quantitative Methods.” In Oxford Handbook of Political Methodology, edited by Janet M. Box-Steffenmeier, David Collier, and Henry E Brady, 756–76. London, England: Oxford University Press.
Fenno, Richard F. 1978. Home Style: House Members in Their Districts. New York: Longman.
Foos, Florian, Peter John, Christian Müller, and Kevin Cunningham. 2021. “Social Mobilization in Partisan Spaces.” The Journal of Politics 83 (3): 1190–97.
Francois, Patrick, Ilia Rainer, and Francesco Trebbi. 2015. “How Is Power Shared in Africa?” Econometrica 83 (2): 465–503.
Frangakis, Constantine E., and Donald B Rubin. 2002. “Principal Stratification in Causal Inference.” Biometrics 58 (1): 21–29.
Frederiksen, Kristian Vrede Skaaning. 2022. “Does Competence Make Citizens Tolerate Undemocratic Behavior?” American Political Science Review, 1–7.
Freedman, David A. 2008. “On Regression Adjustments to Experimental Data.” Advances in Applied Mathematics 40 (2): 180–93.
Frey, Anderson, Gabriel López-Moctezuma, and Sergio Montero. 2022. “Sleeping with the Enemy: Effective Representation Under Dynamic Electoral Competition.” American Journal of Political Science.
Gabelica, Mirko, Ružica Bojčić, and Livia Puljak. 2022. “Many Researchers Were Not Compliant with Their Published Data Sharing Statement: Mixed-Methods Study.” Journal of Clinical Epidemiology.
Galos, Diana, and Alexander Coppock. 2022. “What Have Employment Audits Taught Us about the Effects of Gender on Hiring? A Meta-Analyis.” Unpublished Manuscript.
Geddes, Barbara. 2003. Paradigms and Sand Castles: Theory Building and Research Design in Comparative Politics. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press.
Gelman, Andrew, and John Carlin. 2014. “Beyond Power Calculations Assessing Type s (Sign) and Type m (Magnitude) Errors.” Perspectives on Psychological Science 9 (6): 641–51.
Gerber, Alan S., James G. Gimpel, Donald P. Green, and Daron R. Shaw. 2011. “How Large and Long-Lasting Are the Persuasive Effects of Televised Campaign Ads? Results from a Randomized Field Experiment.” American Political Science Review 105 (1): 135–50.
Gerber, Alan S., and Donald P. Green. 2012. Field Experiments: Design, Analysis, and Interpretation. New York: W.W. Norton.
Gerring, John, and Lee Cojocaru. 2016. “Selecting Cases for Intensive Analysis: A Diversity of Goals and Methods.” Sociological Methods & Research 45 (3): 392–423.
Goertz, Gary. 2008. “Choosing Cases for Case Studies: A Qualitative Logic.” Newsletter of the APSA Section on Qualitative & Multi-Method Research 6 (2): 11–14.
Goertz, Gary, and James Mahoney. 2012. A Tale of Two Cultures: Qualitative and Quantitative Research in the Social Sciences. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Green, Donald P., Jonathan S. Krasno, Alexander Coppock, Benjamin D. Farrer, Brandon Lenoir, and Joshua N. Zingher. 2016. “The Effects of Lawn Signs on Vote Outcomes: Results from Four Randomized Field Experiments.” Electoral Studies 41: 143–50.
Green, Donald P., and Winston Lin. 2016. “Standard Operating Procedures: A Safety Net for Pre-Analysis Plans.” PS: Political Science & Politics 49 (3): 495–99.
Green, Donald P., and Andrej Tusicisny. 2012. “Statistical Analysis of Results from Laboratory Studies in Experimental Economics: A Critique of Current Practice.” Available at SSRN 2181654.
Green, Jon, James N. Druckman, Matthew A. Baum, David Lazer, Katherine Ognyanova, Matthew Simonson, Jennifer Lin, Mauricio Santillana, and Roy H. Perlis. 2022. “Using General Messages to Persuade on a Politicized Scientific Issue.” British Journal of Political Science.
Gulzar, Saad, and Muhammad Yasir Khan. 2021. ‘Good Politicians:’ Experimental Evidence on Motivations for Political Candidacy and Government Performance.”
Hainmueller, Jens, Daniel J. Hopkins, and Teppei Yamamoto. 2014. Causal Inference in Conjoint Analysis: Understanding Multidimensional Choices via Stated Preference Experiments.” Political Analysis 22 (1): 1–30.
Halpern, Joseph Y. 2000. “Axiomatizing Causal Reasoning.” Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research 12: 317–37.
Hartman, Erin, and F. Daniel Hidalgo. 2018. “An Equivalence Approach to Balance and Placebo Tests.” American Journal of Political Science 62 (4): 1000–1013.
Hedayat, A. S., Hansheng Cheng, and Jennifer Pajda-De La O. 2019. “Existence of Unbiased Estimation for the Minimum, Maximum, and Median in Finite Population Sampling.” Statistics & Probability Letters 153: 192–95.
Herron, Michael C., and Kevin M. Quinn. 2016. “A Careful Look at Modern Case Selection Methods.” Sociological Methods & Research 45 (3): 458–92.
Humphreys, Macartan. 2015. “Reflections on the Ethics of Social Experimentation.” Journal of Globalization and Development 6 (1): 87–112.
Humphreys, Macartan, and Alan Jacobs. forthcoming. Integrated Inferences. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Humphreys, Macartan, and Alan M. Jacobs. 2015. “Mixing Methods: A Bayesian Approach.” American Political Science Review 109 (4): 653–73.
Humphreys, Macartan, Raul de la Sierra, and Peter van der Windt. 2013. Fishing, Commitment, and Communication: A Proposal for Comprehensive Nonbinding Research Registration.” Political Analysis 21 (1): 1–20.
Imai, Kosuke. 2011. Multivariate Regression Analysis for the Item Count Technique.” Journal of the American Statistical Association 106 (494): 407–16.
Imai, Kosuke, Gary King, and Clayton Nall. 2009. “The Essential Role of Pair Matching in Cluster-Randomized Experiments, with Application to the Mexican Universal Health Insurance Evaluation.” Statistical Science 24 (1): 29–53.
Imai, Kosuke, Gary King, and Elizabeth A. Stuart. 2008. “Misunderstandings Between Experimentalists and Observationalists about Causal Inference.” Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society) 171 (2): 481–502.
Imbens, Guido W. 2010. “Better LATE Than Nothing: Some Comments on Deaton (2009) and Heckman and Urzua (2009).” Journal of Economic Literature 48 (2): 399–423.
Imbens, Guido W., and Donald B. Rubin. 2015. Causal Inference in Statistics, Social, and Biomedical Sciences. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Iyengar, Shanto, and Sean J. Westwood. 2015. “Fear and Loathing Across Party Lines: New Evidence on Group Polarization.” American Journal of Political Science 59 (3): 690–707.
Jamison, Julian C. 2019. “The Entry of Randomized Assignment into the Social Sciences.” Journal of Causal Inference 7 (1): 1–16.
Jefferson, Hakeem. 2022. “Respectability and the Politics of Punishment Among Black Americans.” Unpublished Manuscript.
Johnson, Noel D, and Alexandra A Mislin. 2011. “Trust Games: A Meta-Analysis.” Journal of Economic Psychology 32 (5): 865–89.
Kalla, Joshua, Frances Rosenbluth, and Dawn Langan Teele. 2018. “Are You My Mentor? A Field Experiment on Gender, Ethnicity, and Political Self-Starters.” The Journal of Politics 80 (1): 337–41.
Kao, Kristen, and Mara R. Revkin. 2022. “Retribution or Reconciliation? Post-Conflict Attitudes Toward Enemy Collaborators.” American Journal of Political Science.
Karpowitz, Christopher F., J. Quin Monson, and Jessica Robinson Preece. 2017. “How to Elect More Women: Gender and Candidate Success in a Field Experiment.” American Journal of Political Science 61 (4): 927–43.
Kasy, Maximilian. 2016. “Why Experimenters Might Not Always Want to Randomize, and What They Could Do Instead.” Political Analysis 24 (3): 324–38.
King, Gary. 1998. Unifying Political Methodology: The Likelihood Theory of Statistical Inference. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press.
King, Gary, Emmanuela Gakidou, Nirmala Ravishankar, Ryan T Moore, Jason Lakin, Manett Vargas, Martha Marı́a Téllez-Rojo, Juan Eugenio Hernández Ávila, Mauricio Hernández Ávila, and Héctor Hernández Llamas. 2007. “A ‘Politically Robust’ Experimental Design for Public Policy Evaluation, with Application to the Mexican Universal Health Insurance Program.” Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 26 (3): 479–506.
King, Gary, and Melissa Sands. 2015. “How Human Subjects Research Rules Mislead You and Your University, and What to Do about It.” Unpublished Manuscript.
Kirkland, Patricia A. 2021. “Business Owners and Executives as Politicians: The Effect on Public Policy.” The Journal of Politics 83 (4): 1652–68.
Klar, Samara, and Thomas J Leeper. 2019. “Identities and Intersectionality: A Case for Purposive Sampling in Survey-Experimental Research.” Experimental Methods in Survey Research: Techniques That Combine Random Sampling with Random Assignment, 419–33.
Kling, Jeffrey R, Jeffrey B Liebman, and Lawrence F Katz. 2007. “Experimental Analysis of Neighborhood Effects.” Econometrica 75 (1): 83–119.
Lax, Jeffrey R., and Justin H. Phillips. 2009. “Gay Rights in the States: Public Opinion and Policy Responsiveness.” American Political Science Review 103 (3): 367–86.
Levine, Adam Seth. 2021. “How to Form Organizational Partnerships to Run Experiments.” In Advances in Experimental Political Science, 199–216. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Levy, Jack S. 2008. “Case Studies: Types, Designs, and Logics of Inference.” Conflict Management and Peace Science 25 (1): 1–18.
Lieberman, Evan S. 2005. “Nested Analysis as a Mixed-Method Strategy for Comparative Research.” American Political Science Review 99 (3): 435–52.
Lin, Winston. 2013. “Agnostic Notes on Regression Adjustments to Experimental Data: Reexamining Freedman’s Critique.” Annals of Applied Statistics 7 (1): 295–318.
Lyall, Jason. 2022. “Preregister Your Ethical Redlines: Vulnerable Populations, Policy Engagement, and the Perils of e-Hacking.” Unpublished Manuscript.
Lyall, Jason, Yang-Yang Zhou, and Kosuke Imai. 2020. “Can Economic Assistance Shape Combatant Support in Wartime? Experimental Evidence from Afghanistan.” American Political Science Review 114 (1): 126–43.
Martin, Lisa. 1992. Coercive Cooperation: Explaining Multilateral Economic Sanctions. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
McPhetres, Jonathon, Nihan Albayrak-Aydemir, Ana Barbosa Mendes, Elvina C. Chow, Patricio Gonzalez-Marquez, Erin Loukras, Annika Maus, et al. 2020. “A Decade of Theory as Reflected in Psychological Science (2009-2019).”
Mellon, Jonathan. 2021. “Rain, Rain, Go Away: 176 Potential Exclusion-Restriction Violations for Studies Using Weather as an Instrumental Variable.” Unpublished Manuscript.
Merkley, Eric, and Dominik A. Stecula. 2021. “Party Cues in the News: Democratic Elites, Republican Backlash, and the Dynamics of Climate Skepticism.” British Journal of Political Science 51 (4): 1439–56.
Middleton, Joel A. 2008. “Bias of the Regression Estimator for Experiments Using Clustered Random Assignment.” Statistics & Probability Letters 78 (16): 2654–59.
Miguel, Edward, Colin Camerer, Katherine Casey, Joshua Cohen, Kevin M Esterling, Alan S. Gerber, Rachel Glennerster, Donald P. Green, Macartan Humphreys, and Guido W. Imbens. 2014. “Promoting Transparency in Social Science Research.” Science 343 (6166): 30.
Mill, John Stuart. 1869. A System of Logic, Ratiocinative and Inductive: Being a Connected View of the Principles of Evidence and the Methods of Scientific Investigation. New York: Harper & Brothers.
Miller, Judith Droitcour. 1984. “A New Survey Technique for Studying Deviant Behavior.” PhD thesis, George Washington University.
Montgomery, Jacob M., and Erin L. Rossiter. 2020. “So Many Questions, so Little Time: Integrating Adaptive Inventories into Public Opinion Research.” Journal of Survey Statistics and Methodology 8 (4): 667–90.
Morris, Tim P., Ian R. White, and Michael J. Crowther. 2021. “Using Simulation Studies to Evaluate Statistical Methods.” Statistics in Medicine 38 (11): 2074–2102.
Mousa, Salma. 2020. “Building Social Cohesion Between Christians and Muslims Through Soccer in Post-ISIS Iraq.” Science 369 (6505): 866–70.
Nellis, Gareth, and Niloufer Siddiqui. 2018. “Secular Party Rule and Religious Violence in Pakistan.” American Political Science Review 112 (1): 49–67.
Offer-Westort, Molly, Alexander Coppock, and Donald P. Green. 2021. Adaptive Experimental Design: Prospects and Applications in Political Science.” American Journal of Political Science 65: 826–44.
Ofosu, George, and Daniel Posner. 2022. Pre-analysis Plans: An Early Stocktaking.” Perspectives on Politics.
Paglayan, Agustina S. 2019. “Public-Sector Unions and the Size of Government.” American Journal of Political Science 63 (1): 21–36.
Paler, Laura, Leslie Marshall, and Sami Atallah. 2018. “The Social Costs of Public Political Participation: Evidence from a Petition Experiment in Lebanon.” The Journal of Politics 80 (4): 1405–10.
Paluck, Elizabeth Levy, and Donald P. Green. 2009. “Deference, Dissent, and Dispute Resolution: An Experimental Intervention Using Mass Media to Change Norms and Behavior in Rwanda.” American Political Science Review 103 (4): 622–44.
Paluck, Elizabeth Levy, Seth A. Green, and Donald P. Green. 2019. “The Contact Hypothesis Re-Evaluated.” Behavioural Public Policy 3 (2): 129–58.
Pearl, Judea. 1999. “Probabilities of Causation: Three Counterfactual Interpretations and Their Identification.” Synthese 121 (1-2): 93–149.
———. 2009. Causality: Models, Reasoning and Inference. Second Edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Pearl, Judea, and Dana Mackenzie. 2018. The Book of Why: The New Science of Cause and Effect. New York: Basic Books.
Peer, Limor, Lilla Orr, and Alexander Coppock. 2021. Active Maintenance: A Proposal for the Long-term Computational Reproducibility of Scientific Results.” PS: Political Science & Politics 54 (3): 462–66.
Pennycook, Gordon, Ziv Epstein, Mohsen Mosleh, Antonio A. Arechar, Dean Eckles, and David G. Rand. 2021. “Shifting Attention to Accuracy Can Reduce Misinformation Online.” Nature 592 (7855): 590–95.
Pettigrew, Thomas F., and Linda R. Tropp. 2006. “A Meta-Analytic Test of Intergroup Contact Theory.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 90 (5): 751–83.
Peyton, Kyle, Michael Sierra-Arévalo, and David G. Rand. 2019. “A Field Experiment on Community Policing and Police Legitimacy.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116 (40): 19894–98.
Plümper, Thomas, Vera E. Troeger, and Eric Neumayer. 2019. “Case Selection and Causal Inference in Qualitative Research.” PloS One 14 (7): 1–18.
Porter, Ethan, and Yamil Velez. 2021. “Placebo Selection in Survey Experiments: An Agnostic Approach.” Political Analysis, 1–14.
Prillaman, Soledad Artiz. 2022. “Strength in Numbers: How Women’s Groups Close India’s Political Gender Gap.” American Journal of Political Science.
Reiss, Peter C, and Frank A Wolak. 2007. “Structural Econometric Modeling: Rationales and Examples from Industrial Organization.” Handbook of Econometrics 6: 4277–4415.
Revkin, Mara Redlich, and Ariel I. Ahram. 2020. “Perspectives on the Rebel Social Contract: Exit, Voice, and Loyalty in the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.” World Development 132: 104981.
Rubin, Donald B. 1980. “Randomization Analysis of Experimental Data: The Fisher Randomization Test Comment.” Journal of the American Statistical Association 75 (371): 591–93.
Rubinstein, Ariel. 1982. “Perfect Equilibrium in a Bargaining Model.” Econometrica: Journal of the Econometric Society, 97–109.
Samii, Cyrus. 2016. “Causal Empiricism in Quantitative Research.” The Journal of Politics 78 (3): 941–55.
Samii, Cyrus, and Peter M. Aronow. 2012. “On Equivalencies Between Design-Based and Regression-Based Variance Estimators for Randomized Experiments.” Statistics & Probability Letters 82 (2): 365–70.
Scacco, Alexandra, and Shana S. Warren. 2018. “Can Social Contact Reduce Prejudice and Discrimination? Evidence from a Field Experiment in Nigeria.” American Political Science Review 112 (3): 654–77.
Schrag, Zachary M. 2010. Ethical Imperialism: Institutional Review Boards and the Social Sciences, 1965–2009. Johns Hopkins University Press.
Schwarz, Susanne, and Alexander Coppock. 2022. What Have We Learned About Gender From Candidate Choice Experiments? A Meta-analysis of 67 Factorial Survey Experiments.” Journal of Politics 84 (2): 655–68.
Seawright, Jason, and John Gerring. 2008. “Case Selection Techniques in Case Study Research: A Menu of Qualitative and Quantitative Options.” Political Research Quarterly 61 (2): 294–308.
Shadish, William, Thomas D. Cook, and Donald Thomas Campbell. 2002. Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Designs for Generalized Causal Inference. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
Sinclair, Betsy, Margaret McConnell, and Donald P. Green. 2012. “Detecting Spillover Effects: Design and Analysis of Multilevel Experiments.” American Journal of Political Science 56 (4): 1055–69.
Skocpol, Theda. 1979. States and Social Revolutions: A Comparative Analysis of France, Russia and China. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Slough, Tara. 2020. “The Ethics of Electoral Experimentation: Design-Based Recommendations.” Unpublished Manuscript.
Snyder, Jack, and Erica D. Borghard. 2011. “The Cost of Empty Threats: A Penny, Not a Pound.” American Political Science Review 105 (3): 437–56.
Stokes, Leah C. 2016. “Electoral Backlash Against Climate Policy: A Natural Experiment on Retrospective Voting and Local Resistance to Public Policy.” American Journal of Political Science 60 (4): 958–74.
Stokes, Susan C. 2005. “Perverse Accountability: A Formal Model of Machine Politics with Evidence from Argentina.” American Political Science Review 99 (3): 315–25.
Swank, Duane. 2002. Global Capital, Political Institutions, and Policy Change in Developed Welfare States. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Swire, Briony, Adam J. Berinsky, Stephan Lewandowsky, and Ullrich K. H. Ecker. 2017. “Processing Political Misinformation: Comprehending the Trump Phenomenon.” Royal Society Open Science 4 (3): 1–21.
Tausanovitch, Chris, and Christopher Warshaw. 2013. “Measuring Constituent Policy Preferences in Congress, State Legislatures, and Cities.” The Journal of Politics 75 (2): 330–42.
Teele, Dawn. 2021. “Virtual Consent: A Bronze Standard for Experimental Ethics.” In Cambridge Handbook of Experimental Political Science, edited by Donald P. Green and James N. Druckman. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Thistlethwaite, Donald L., and Donald T. Campbell. 1960. “Regression-Discontinuity Analysis: An Alternative to the Ex Post Facto Experiment.” Journal of Educational Psychology 51 (6): 309.
Van der Vaart, Aad W. 2000. Asymptotic Statistics. Vol. 3. Cambridge university press.
Van Evera, Stephen. 1997. Guide to Methods for Students of Political Science. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Wager, Stefan, and Susan Athey. 2018. “Estimation and Inference of Heterogeneous Treatment Effects Using Random Forests.” Journal of the American Statistical Association 113 (523): 1228–42.
White, Ariel R., Noah L. Nathan, and Julie K. Faller. 2015. What Do I Need to Vote? Bureaucratic Discretion and Discrimination by Local Election Officials.” American Political Science Review 109 (1): 129–42.
White, Halbert. 1982. “Maximum Likelihood Estimation of Misspecified Models.” Econometrica: Journal of the Econometric Society 50 (1): 1–25.
Wilke, Anna M. 2021. “How Does the State Replace the Community? Experimental Evidence on Crime Control from South Africa.” Unpublished Manuscript.
Wilke, Anna M., Donald P. Green, and Jasper Cooper. 2020. “A Placebo Design to Detect Spillovers from an Education–Entertainment Experiment in Uganda.” Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society) 183 (3): 1075–96.
Wilke, Anna M., and Macartan Humphreys. 2020. “Field Experiments, Theory, and External Validity.” SAGE Handbook of Research Methods in Political Science; International Relations.
Wood, Elisabeth Jean. 2006. The Ethical Challenges of Field Research in Conflict Zones.” Qualitative Sociology 29 (3): 373–86.
Yamamoto, Teppei. 2012. “Understanding the Past: Statistical Analysis of Causal Attribution.” American Journal of Political Science 56 (1): 237–56.
Yao, Yuling, Aki Vehtari, Daniel Simpson, and Andrew Gelman. 2018. “Using Stacking to Average Bayesian Predictive Distributions (with Discussion).” Bayesian Analysis 13 (3): 917–1007.
Zelizer, Adam. 2019. “Is Position-Taking Contagious? Evidence of Cue-Taking from Two Field Experiments in a State Legislature.” American Political Science Review 113 (2): 340–52.